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crypto: How can G20 and other International forums serve as platforms to foster cooperation in the crypto sector?

In the past decade, the world has witnessed a rise of cryptocurrencies, fueled by technological innovation and financial market dynamics. The G20 Summit acts as a platform for major economies to discuss and align their economic and growth policies, promoting global stability and growth. As India assumes the upcoming G20 presidency this year scheduled for September 9th and 10th, the stage is set for discussions on how international forums like the G20 can play a pivotal role in fostering cooperation in the crypto sector.

Why Did India Call Out for Global Framework?

Cryptocurrencies, as global assets transcending the jurisdiction of any single government or nation, have prompted India, in its current G20 Summit presidency, to advocate for global collaboration among participating countries. India’s call for a global framework on cryptocurrencies at the G20 Summit aligns with its recognition of the transformative potential and risks associated with digital currencies. By advocating for international cooperation and regulation, India aims to address these challenges collectively while fostering responsible innovation and safeguarding its interests in the evolving crypto landscape.

Being a fast maturing sector in its foundational building time, the crypto industry is currently grappling with a lack of consistent regulatory frameworks worldwide. Different countries have adopted varying approaches, ranging from outright bans to embracing cryptocurrencies as legitimate financial assets. This regulatory divergence creates uncertainty for investors and hampers the growth of the industry.

How can International Forums Play a Role?

International forums like the G20 can serve as platforms for fostering cooperation in the crypto sector in several ways:Standardization: One of the primary roles of international forums is to establish common standards and principles. The G20 can lead efforts to create a framework for crypto regulation, taxation, and reporting, thereby reducing regulatory arbitrage and providing clarity to market participants.

Information Sharing: Forums like the G20 facilitate the exchange of information and best practices among member nations. Collaborative efforts can help countries learn from each other’s experiences in regulating cryptocurrencies and combating illicit activities.Security Measures: Given the global nature of cyber threats in the crypto sector, international cooperation is essential. The G20 can promote information sharing on cybersecurity measures and encourage member states to develop robust regulatory frameworks for crypto exchanges and wallets.

Innovation and Inclusion: The G20 can also promote the development of blockchain and cryptocurrency technologies that enhance financial inclusion and reduce costs, particularly in cross-border remittances.

Challenges and Considerations

While the potential benefits of international cooperation in the crypto sector are clear, there are challenges to be addressed:

Sovereignty Concerns: Countries have differing levels of comfort with ceding regulatory authority to international bodies. Balancing sovereignty with the need for global standards will be a delicate task.

Complexity: The crypto sector is intricate and rapidly evolving. Developing effective international frameworks requires deep technical knowledge and an understanding of the nuances of the industry.

Inclusivity: To ensure the effectiveness of international cooperation, it is essential to involve a diverse range of stakeholders, including industry representatives, in discussions and decision-making processes.

As India takes the helm of the G20, the world’s attention turns to how international forums can foster cooperation in the crypto sector. The global nature of cryptocurrencies demands a coordinated response to address regulatory, security, and stability concerns while harnessing the immense potential of digital assets for innovation and financial inclusion.

International forums like the G20 have a unique opportunity to lead discussions, set standards, and facilitate collaboration among nations. The path forward involves careful consideration of sovereignty concerns, active engagement with industry players, and a commitment to staying abreast of the ever-evolving crypto landscape. By working together, nations can create a secure and thriving global crypto ecosystem that benefits all.

(The author is CEO and Co-founder of Mudrex, a Global Crypto Investment Platform)

(Disclaimer: Recommendations, suggestions, views and opinions given by the experts are their own. These do not represent the views of the Economic Times)

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